Human Security Protecting and Empowering the People
Basic Requirements for Assignments: All papers submitted must meet the following requirements concerning margins, line spacing, font size, cover page format, and
format. Papers written for this course are to follow the standard page format. That is, papers are to have one inch margins on both the left and right sides and the
top and bottom of the page. Papers are to be double-spaced. Acceptable font sizes are 10-12 characters per inch Times New Roman. Papers must include a cover
page indicating the title of the paper, the name(s) and student number(s) of the author(s), my name (spelled correctly), the course number and the date. Papers should
also include a word count on the last page of the written portion of the assignment (i.e. before end notes, if any). Finally, papers are to be in Word or PDF format.
(A) Seminar Papers: The papers should be two-three pages in length (500-750 words). There are two types of seminar papers:
(i) analysis: In this form of writing, you should analyse an interesting or significant point raised in the reading(s). The purpose of the papers is to analyze the
content of the reading, not repeat what the author(s) has written; the papers are analytical in form, not descriptive. The paper should not be a restatement of the
reading(s) but rather an analysis of a relevant issue or argument put forward by the author(s). Remember I have read the readings and am familiar with the content.
When preparing the seminar papers, you should keep in mind the following questions:
(a) What is the main argument?
(b) What evidence is provided to support the thesis?
(c) Is the evidence provided convincing? Is it connected with the thesis?
(d) What, if any, underlying assumptions guide the analysis?
(e) Does my paper go beyond description or reiteration of the reading?
(f) What is the thesis statement in my seminar paper? Is it clear? Is it supported?
An academic summary tells the main points of a source text in brief form. As a condensed version of the source material, it can range anywhere from a couple of
sentences to a short summary article, depending on the length of the source and your purposes for writing. In writing a summary, you need to select the most important
points of the source text and report on (vs. react to) them using your own words. You can combine several important points from the source into a brief general
statement, or go more in depth and relate minor points as well, again depending on the purpose of your summary. Experts suggest, however, that a good rule of thumb to
follow is that a summary is never more than about one-quarter the length of the original, though in most cases it is much briefer. Also, keep in mind that a summary
must always be written in your own words, or if not, should contain direct quotations. To ignore this rule is plagiarism.
Some Purposes and Uses of Summaries:
• preparing for exams • taking notes on your readings • collecting and condensing information for research papers • integrating sources into your writing
A good academic summary succeeds when it does the following:
• It identifies the author and the source (book or article). A summary typically contains this information in the first sentence. Expressions you can use to introduce
this information include: “According to [the author]. . . .”; “In his/her book [title], [the author] states that . . . .” • It gives credit to the author throughout.
To make it clear that the ideas presented are the author’s and not your own, you should frequently use signals like “[The author] also states that . . . .” • It begins
by offering a broad overview of the material (one or two sentences), which is then developed in more detail in the body of the summary. • It uses quotation marks and
page references whenever a phrase, a part of a sentence, or a complete sentence is taken directly from the source text. But it also quotes selectively and sparingly. •
It is brief, but thorough enough to accomplish its purposes. • It is an accurate reflection of the author’s viewpoint throughout. Therefore, carefully reading of the
source is essential. When writing the summary there are three main requirements:
1. The summary should cover the original as a whole. 2. The material should be presented in a neutral fashion. 3. The summary should be a condensed version of the
material, presented in your own words.
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